By Michael A. Reid, Zaire Reid
A quick stroll in a protracted trip is a narrative approximately an American election observer's adventure within the 1994 South African election. This election marked the start of democracy in South Africa with the election of Nelson Mandela as president. a brief stroll in a protracted trip is a non-fictional narrative, rewritten 19 years later depending upon the copious notes taken throughout the experience and brilliant thoughts. There are a number of climatic issues within the tale and the ultimate part is an research of ultra-modern South Africa, mostly dependent upon examine performed by way of Goldman Sachs and UBS. The identify is a connection with Mandela's autobiography, lengthy stroll to Freedom.
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Extra resources for A Short Walk in a Long Journey
Consultation and debate therefore require government agencies to be held constantly accountable not only for their decisions and policies but also for respecting the democratic processes by which these policies and decisions are made. Closely linked with the demand for democratic process is the value of fairness or equity in the conduct of government business. As ultimate owners of their government and its resources, members of the public are inclined to object if politicians or public officials give unfair advantages to particular individuals or sections of society.
Legal accountability in this sense overlaps with managerial accountability, understood as accountability for specified outputs. The key elements are not so much the judicial process, with its emphasis on particular cases and judicial argument, as the broader use of law as an instrument of control and accountability. Again, such a broader sense of legal accountability is better suited to the United States where the legislature is an independent source of public policy as well as scrutiny and where the judicial process itself deals more openly with major matters of general policy.
The most promising distinctions for cross-country or cross-sector use relate to varieties of subject matter. For instance, the distinction between general and particular accountability (see above), depending on whether the matter in question is a matter of general policy or refers only to a decision made in the case of an individual citizen, applies in many different contexts, regardless of constitutional type or sector (public or private). Similarly universal is a distinction between three common types of issue for which people and organisations are held accountable: finances and financial compliance, due process and procedure, and results or outcomes, though even here there is no clear consensus on terminology (financial/fiscal, process/fairness, performance/effectiveness and so on).
A Short Walk in a Long Journey by Michael A. Reid, Zaire Reid