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Read e-book online Adolescent Risk and Vulnerability PDF

By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Institute of Medicine, Youth, and Families Board on Children, Joah G. Iannotta, Elena O. Nightingale, Baruch Fischhoff

ISBN-10: 030907620X

ISBN-13: 9780309076203

ISBN-10: 0309509831

ISBN-13: 9780309509831

Adolescents evidently don't continuously act in ways in which serve their very own top pursuits, while outlined by way of them. occasionally their belief in their personal hazards, even of survival to maturity, is bigger than the truth; in different situations, they underestimate the dangers of specific activities or behaviors. it's attainable, certainly most likely, that a few youngsters interact in dicy behaviors as a result of a notion of invulnerability-the present traditional knowledge of adults' perspectives of adolescent habit. Others, notwithstanding, take dangers simply because they think susceptible to some extent drawing close hopelessness. In both case, those perceptions can recommended kids to make negative judgements which may placed them in danger and go away them liable to actual or mental damage which could have a adverse influence on their long term health and wellbeing and viability.

A small making plans staff was once shaped to advance a workshop on reconceptualizing adolescent danger and vulnerability. With investment from Carnegie company of recent York, the Workshop on Adolescent probability and Vulnerability: atmosphere Priorities happened on March thirteen, 2001, in Washington, DC. The workshop's target was once to place into viewpoint the full burden of vulnerability that youngsters face, benefiting from the growing to be societal drawback for young people, the necessity to set priorities for assembly young people' wishes, and the chance to use decision-making views to this severe quarter. This document summarizes the workshop.

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Extra resources for Adolescent Risk and Vulnerability

Example text

Homicide, rape, robbery) is less than 10 percent. 04 percent). Of course, the probability of experiencing these outcomes is highly dependent on one’s behavior and environment. Risks for acquiring sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are quite high among youth who have highly connected sexual networks involving people who live in areas of high infectivity. The risks are far lower for adolescents who live in geographic areas of low disease rates, and are essentially nil for sexually inactive youth.

Against such a backdrop, now let us imagine what might happen if an adolescent began to engage in risky behavior. The probability that he or she actually would experience a negative outcome is relatively low. Additionally, the probability of experiencing positive effects and benefits would be relatively high. In the absence of experiencing negative outcomes, we would expect to see adolescents’ perceptions of risk show even more dramatic decreases. Preliminary data from our longitudinal study hint at such an effect.

However, not all of these developmental changes point to increased rationality. Jacobs and Potenza (1991), Davidson (1995), and Reyna and Ellis (1994) show that classical decision-making biases, such as the use of the representativeness heuristic, increase between childhood and adulthood. , 1988), but remains suboptimal and shows increasing evidence of motivational bias. 38 PERCEPTIONS OF RISK AND VULNERABILITY People process outcomes and evidence in ways that reflect their underlying theories (Klaczynski and Narasimham, 1998; Kuhn, 1992).

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Adolescent Risk and Vulnerability by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Institute of Medicine, Youth, and Families Board on Children, Joah G. Iannotta, Elena O. Nightingale, Baruch Fischhoff

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