By Ke Lu, Lidong Chen, Tianbai He, Qing Yan
As one of many eighteen field-specific reviews comprising the great scope of the strategic normal document of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technology and expertise within the box of complex fabrics technological know-how. They each one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the overall and sub-group studies examine the evolution and legislation governing the advance of technological know-how and know-how, describe the decisive influence of technology and expertise at the modernization technique, are expecting that the realm is at the eve of an imminent S&T revolution, and speak to for China to be totally ready for this new around of S&T development. in line with the designated learn of the calls for on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the stories draw a framework for 8 easy and strategic platforms of socio-economic improvement with the help of technological know-how and know-how, determine China's S&T roadmaps for the proper 8 uncomplicated and strategic structures based on China's fact, additional aspect S&T tasks of strategic significance to China's modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with accomplished consultations for the improvement of S&T innovation in step with China's truth. Supported by way of illustrations and tables of information, the experiences offer researchers, govt officers and marketers with assistance bearing on study instructions, the making plans technique, and funding.
Founded in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation's optimum educational establishment in normal sciences. Its significant duties are to behavior examine in uncomplicated and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on average assets and ecological setting, to supply the rustic with medical info and consultations for government's decision-making, to adopt government-assigned tasks with reference to key S&T difficulties within the means of socio-economic improvement, to start up group of workers education, and to advertise China's high-tech firms via its lively engagement in those areas.
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Additional info for Advanced Materials Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
The country enjoys a cost advantage in organic thin film solar cell materials and technology, is a world leader in certain key organic photovoltaic materials, and has built advanced small-scale prototype solar power stations. Chinese scientists have studied indepth typical conducting polymers, such as polyacetylene, polythiophene, polypyrrole, polyaniline, and made significant advances in terms of design, synthesis, and characterization of new molecules, optical, electrical, and magnetic properties, structure-property relationships, doping and conduction mechanism study, as well as technology application, which are well-recognized in the international scientific community.
The demands of the chemical engineering industry for new materials include membrane materials, catalyst materials, and nano-powder materials. The automotive industry is in need of new materials including ultra-light auto body steel, advanced aluminum alloys, magnesium alloys, titanium alloys, engineering plastics and composite materials. New materials required in the construction industry include ecobuilding materials and energy-saving building materials. 2) The protection of national security and reunification of the motherland not only need high-performance weapons and equipment, but also bring forward higher and more stringent requirements for new materials and prompt the development of structural materials towards increased performance limits, bizarre performance, comprehensive performance, structure and multifunctional integration, and resistance to harsh environments and extreme conditions.
Machinery manufacturing has a large demand for different kinds of materials, such as connector forgings in nuclear power equipment and evaporator tubes, high welding performance steel in large-scale hydroelectric power equipment, wear-resistant materials in large-scale mining equipment, heat-resistant and corrosion resistant materials in large-scale petrochemical equipment, functional materials in a variety of scientific instrumentation, large-scale forging processing technology, machinery and equipment using self-healing and re-manufacturing using self-healing materials and technology.
Advanced Materials Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 by Ke Lu, Lidong Chen, Tianbai He, Qing Yan