By Alain Roques, Marc Kenis, David Lees, Carlos Lopez-Vaamonde, Wolfgang Rabitsch, Jean-Yves Rasplus, David B. Roy
This publication presents the fi rst complete overview of the fauna of alien terrestrial arthropods that experience colonized the eu continent and its linked islands. without delay resulting from the DAISIE undertaking, this can be the results of the joint paintings of 89 authors from 27 diversified eu nations. The e-book summarizes current wisdom of the arthropod invasion technique, from temporal developments and biogeographic styles, to pathways and vectors, invaded habitats, and ecological and low-cost affects. a complete of 1590 species alien to Europe, together with crustaceans, myriapods, mites, spiders, and bugs, are indexed in volumes and 21 separate chapters that aspect the several taxonomic teams. for every species, all key details - feeding regime, date and kingdom of fi rst list in Europe, invaded international locations, invaded habitats, plant or animal host - is provided. extra specific factsheets are supplied for the eighty species thought of to be such a lot consultant of different pathways of creation and of the range of affects on ecosystems, monetary actions and human and animal well-being.
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Additional info for Alien Terrestrial Arthropods of Europe, Part 1.
Ampelophagous species feeding exclusively on grapevines - Viteus vitifoliae, Scaphoideus titanus; species feeding exclusively on palms - Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, Diocalandra frumentii; monophagous leaf-miners and gall-producers - Parectopa robiniella, Phyllonorycter robiniella, Dryocosmus kuriphilus) and therefore directly related to these vectors. g. scales and aphids) and xylophagous bark- and woodinfesting insects, above all beetle larvae, feeding in living trees. One of the best known examples is the Citrus longhorned beetle Anoplophora chinensis, which has repeatedly been reported infesting Bonsais imported from China.
965) B Detail per feeding regime. total arthropods newly arriving per year in Europe appear to be strongly dependent on the increasing arrival of phytophagous species, especially during the last ten years. In contrast, the number of detritivores and parasitoids/ predators has appeared to decrease during this last decade, and contributed much less to the overall increase, whereas these three feeding guilds had contributed more or less equally during the first half of the 20th century. After the period 1950- 2000 when alien parasitoids and predators markedly increased probably in relation with the wave of releases of biological control agents, the explosion of ornamental trade since the 1990s is likely to have triggered the arrival of alien phytophagous arthropods, as has been shown for insects related to woody plants (Roques 2010).
Biodiversity & Nature Conservation, Spittelauer Lände 5, 1090 Vienna, Austria. at) Academic editor: David Roy | Received 26 April 2010 | Accepted 18 May 2010 | Published 6 July 2010 Citation: Rabitsch W (2010) Pathways and vectors of alien arthropods in Europe. Chapter 3. In: Roques A et al. (Eds) Alien terrestrial arthropods of Europe. BioRisk 4(1): 27–43. 60 Abstract This chapter reviews the pathways and vectors of the terrestrial alien arthropod species in Europe according to the DAISIE-database.
Alien Terrestrial Arthropods of Europe, Part 1. by Alain Roques, Marc Kenis, David Lees, Carlos Lopez-Vaamonde, Wolfgang Rabitsch, Jean-Yves Rasplus, David B. Roy