By Christine Isom-Verhaaren
In 1543, the Ottoman fleet seemed off the coast of France to bombard and lay siege to town of great. The operation, below the command of Admiral Barbarossa, got here in line with a request from François I of France for the aid of Sultan Süleyman the incredible in France’s fight opposed to Charles V, the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. This army alliance among mutual "infidels", the Christian French King and the Muslim Sultan, aroused extreme condemnation on spiritual grounds from the Habsburgs and their supporters as an aberration from accredited international relations. stories of the Crusades have been, finally, nonetheless a great deal alive in Europe and an alliance with "the Turk" appeared unthinkable to many. Allies with the Infidel areas the occasions of 1543 and the following wintering of the Ottoman fleet in Toulon within the context of the facility politics of the 16th century. hoping on modern Ottoman and French assets, it provides the realpolitik of international relations with "infidels" within the early sleek period. the result's crucial analyzing for college kids and students of ecu historical past, Ottoman experiences, and of family among the Christian and Islamic worlds.
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Extra resources for Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies)
Indd 39 4/20/2011 2:58:56 PM 40 A LLIES WITH THE INFIDEL Although Charles V’s empire was far more extensive than the kingdom of France, this terminology emphasized that the sultan rejected Charles V’s claims to universal sovereignty. Charles V’s conquest of Tunis in 1535 made the emperor appear to be the defender of Christendom, although he undertook it to protect his own territories. Consequently, François found himself isolated diplomatically, and he feared Charles in the role of the champion of Christendom.
Most states whether ruled by Muslims or Christians acted to promote political advantages even if some individuals within, as well as outside, these states opposed these policies on religious grounds. This brief outline of relations between the Ottoman Empire and several states in Europe demonstrates that political ambitions of rulers overrode religious scruples, although religious rhetoric was employed for reasons of policy. indd 25 4/20/2011 2:58:54 PM 26 A LLIES WITH THE INFIDEL Alliances between the Ottoman Empire and Christian states between 1450 and 1600 coexisted with the flow of crusade rhetoric.
45 No sooner was the war of Parma settled than another war erupted in Italy between Henri II and Charles V, when the Sienese revolted against the Spanish with French support in July 1552. When Julius III tried to make peace between Charles V and Henri II, Charles complained that Henri incited his subjects to rebellion and solicited help from the Ottomans. The imperial army withdrew from Siena probably because of the arrival of the Ottoman fleet at Naples. indd 42 4/20/2011 2:58:56 PM OTTOMAN INVOLVEMENT IN EUROPEAN A LLIANCES 43 Pope Paul IV and Relations with the Ottomans The kings of France were not the only rulers who solicited Ottoman aid against the Habsburgs in the 1550s for after Paul IV (1555–59), from the pro-French Carafa family of Naples, was elected pope he attempted to decrease the power and prestige of the Habsburgs with Henri II’s support.
Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies) by Christine Isom-Verhaaren