By Susanne Winkler
This quantity uncovers a very good secret approximately language: why will we speak so successfully even though ambiguity is pervasive? Conversely, how do audio system use ambiguity to accomplish a particular aim? solutions to those questions are supplied in contributions from diversified educational fields: (psycho)linguistics, literary feedback, rhetoric, theology, media stories, law.
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With respect to the latter issue, there are basically two opposing linguistic views: the traditional Chomskian view, which focuses on the fact that ambiguity is detrimental to the ease of communication (Chomsky 2002, 107), and the cognitive communicative view, which claims that ambiguity is a functional property of language “that allows for greater communicative efficiency” (Piantadosi et al. 2012, 280). c. Matthias Bauer). To the formal linguist, ambiguity constitutes a challenge to a theory of grammar which is based on a one-to-one correspondence between meaning and form.
However, under this interpretation the response of the first speaker is incoherent. k|ə/ could also be understood as the assimilated form of /dɪdju:’meɪk hə:/ Did you make her? Here we clearly see that the ambiguous grapheme-phoneme correspondence (or near homophony) can be employed strategically in fictional texts to achieve a comic effect. The case is also a good example of the ambiguity created by the double communication of literary texts. While we can be sure that Wodehouse employs the homophony strategically, we cannot be sure whether Lord Ickenham deliberately mishears Bill Oakshott or not.
The paper by Joachim Knape & Susanne Winkler, Strategic Ambiguity, Change in Understanding and Rhetorical Text Achievement in Shakespeare’s Antony Speech, analyzes the different strategies (linguistic, rhetorical, text compositional) which are employed in Mark Antony’s speech to achieve semantic change, emotional change, opinion change, behavior change and finally a change of order. The main hypothesis is that strategic ambiguity in Antony’s speech is the vehicle which brings these changes about.
Ambiguity by Susanne Winkler