By V. K. Bhatia
Style research has a customary culture in literature, yet curiosity within the research of non-literary genres has been very contemporary. This e-book examines the idea of style research, seems to be at style research in motion, taking texts from a large choice of genres and discusses using style research in language educating and language reform.
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Extra resources for Analysing Genre: Language Use in Professional Settings
Similarly, the attempt to avoid obscurity and ambiguity often generates sufficient prolixity to transgress the maxim of manner at least as far as its ‘brevity’ aspect is concerned. Many of these so-called oddities of legislative variety could be attributable to a very different set of priorities and commitments on the part of the participants involved in discourse, which often require the specialist writer to adopt strategies which may be typical of the legislative genre. Similarly, in the case of many other academic or professional genres a successful achievement of the specific communicative purpose that the genre in question serves, depends on the use of specific conventionalized knowledge of linguistic and discoursal resources, depending upon the subject-specific, socio-cultural and psycholinguistic factors typically associated with the setting with which the genre is associated.
Experienced newspaper reporters often succeed in imposing desired perspectives on otherwise objective news reports. , bringing facts of the case to the attention of the court. For non-specialists, including a majority of discourse analysts, this lack of knowledge often presents serious difficulties, not only in the interpretation of the genre-content but also in the validation of analytical findings. It is for this reason that, in many of the studies of discourse analysis, including genre analysis, it has become almost a standard procedure to involve a specialist informant or to seek his or her reactions on various aspects of the investigation.
Surveying existing literature This will include, among other things, literature on: linguistic analyses of the genre/variety in question or other related or similar genres/varieties; tools, methods or theories of linguistic/discourse/genre analysis which might be relevant to this situation; practitioner advice, guide books, manuals etc. , of the professional or academic community which uses the genre in question. 3. Refining the situational/contextual analysis Having intuitively placed the text roughly in a situational/contextual framework, one needs to refine such an analysis further by: defining the speaker/writer of the text, the audience, their relationship and their goals; defining the historical, socio-cultural, philosophic and/or occupational placement of the community in which the discourse takes place; identifying the network of surrounding texts and linguistic traditions that form the background to this particular genre-text; 64 identifying the topic/subject/extra-textual reality which the text is trying to represent, change or use and the relationship of the text to that reality.
Analysing Genre: Language Use in Professional Settings by V. K. Bhatia